References Bhatti, R. S. (1982). Family Therapy in Alcoholism. Paper presented at the International Consultation on Christian Response to Alcohol and Drug Addiction, held at ECC, Bangalore, India on November22-27. Chakravarthy, S., Kumaraiah, V. & Mishra, H. (1990). Aversion Therapy in Alcoholism. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 6,57-61. Chandrasekaran, R. & Chitraleka, V. (1998). Patterns and Determinants of Coping Behaviour of Wives of Alcoholics. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 40,30-34. Cherian, R.R. (1986). Emergence of a Day-care Centre for Alcoholics in India- Its Referral System and Public Response. British Journal of Addiction, 8, 119-122. Haritha, T. A. (1990). Mental Illness among Women. Unpublished MSW Thesis Submitted to University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram. Kannan, K. P., Thankappan, K. R., Kutty, V. R. & Aravind, K. P. (1991). Health and Development in Rural Kerala. Trivandrum: Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad. Kannappan, R. & Cherian, R. R. (1989). Personality Factors and Alcoholism. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 5, 43-46. Kinney, J., & Leaton, G. (1982). Understanding Alcohol. New York: The American Library. Kodandaram, P. (1995). Adjustment Problems of Adolescent Children of Alcoholics. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22, 58-60. Kuttappan, M. (1998). Impact of Arrack Ban on Worker Households in Kerala. Study Report of Centre for Tropical Studies, Thiruvananthapuram. Mahadevappa, H., Murthy, P., Desai, N. A., & Ray, R. (1987). Tracing Techniques in Follow up of Alcoholics. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 29, 377-379. Manickam, L.S.S. (1988). Attitude of Protestant Priests towards Alcoholism. National Council of Churches Review, 48, 507-510. Manickam L.S.S. (1989).Social Psychological Factors Related to Drug Addiction. Social Defence, 29, 29-33. Manickam, L.S.S. (1990). Empathy: A Comparative Study of Professionals and Trained Lay Counsellors Using Hypothetical Situations. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 32, 83-88. Manickam, L. S. S. (1992). Integrative Psychotherapy: Perspectives from India. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Submitted to Columbia Pacific University, California. Manickam, L. S .S. (1993). Alcohol Dependence: A guideline to counselling. In Pastoral Counselling, (Malayalam) G Sobhanam (e d), Thiruvananthapuram: Women’s Fellowship Publication. Manickam, L. S. S. (1994). Integration of HIV / AIDS Preventive Message into Existing De addiction/ Counselling Networks. Social Defence, 35, 8-24. . Manickam, L. S .S (1996a). Training programme in Lay Counselling. Some preliminary Observations.Arasaradi Journal of Theological Reflections, 9, 90-96. Manickam, L.S.S. (1996b). Social Support and Management of Alcohol Dependence. Study Report of Centre for Applied Psychological Studies No.5. Thiruvananthapuram. Manickam, L .S. S. (1997a). Training Community Volunteers in Preventing Alcoholism and Drug Addiction: A Basic Programme and its Impact on Certain Variables. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 220-225. Manickam, L. S. S. (1997b). Emotional Empathy in professional and Lay Counsellors. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology. 24, 140-143. Manickam, L.S.S. (1999).Manorogachikitsayum Parasahayavum (Malayalam) Treatment of Mental disorders and Social Support. Asaya Samanwayam, 6, (2), 6,7&44. Manickam L. S. S., Haritha, T .A. & Sreenivasan, K. V. (1994). Group Therapy in Alcoholism: A Multi modal Approach. Creative Psychologist, 6, 9-4. Manickam, L.S.S. & Kapur, M (1985). Empathy in Professionals and Trained Lay Counsellors: A Comparison. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 27, 297-310. Manickam, L.S.S. & Kuruvilla, K. (1990). Multimodal Approach to the Treatment of Alcoholism, Social Defence, 30, 20-27. Mattoo, S. K. & Basu, D. (1997). Clinical Course of Alcohol Dependence. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 294-299. Murthy, P. & Janakiramaiah, N. (1996). Alcoholism Counselling. De-Addiction Quarterly, 1, 3, 1-5. Murthy, R. S. (1992) Prevention and control of Alcohol and Drug Addiction-Community Mental Health Perspective. In K. A. Kumar (ed.), Facets of Substance Abuse-An Update. Thiruvananthapuram: Proceedings of the National C. M. E. Conference on Drug Abuse and Dependence. Neeliyara, T., Nagalekshmi, S. V. & Ray, R. (1989). Interpersonal Relationships in Alcohol Dependent Individuals. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 5,199-202. Prasadarao, P. S. D. V. & Mishra, H. (1992). Treatment related issues in Alcohol Dependence. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 28-32. Prasadarao, P. S. D. V. & Mishra, H. (1994). Behavioural Approach to Alcohol Dependence: Towards Multidimensional Model. NIMHANS Journal, 12, 53-61. Rao, S., Nagalekshmi, S. V. & Ray, R. (1988). Re-educative Group Interaction for Alcoholic Individuals. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 4, 187-190. Rao, B. S. & Parthasarathy, G. (1997). Anti-Arrack Movement of Women in Andhra Pradesh and Prohibition Policy. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications Pvt. Ltd. Sarvekshana (1991). July-September, pp.53, 54. New Delhi. Selvaraj, V., Prasad, S., Ashok, M. V. & Appaya, M. P. (1997) Women Alcoholics: Are they Different from Men Alcoholics? Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 288-293. Senthilnathan, S. M., Sekhar, K., Radha, V. & Shariff, I. A. (1984). Social Adjustment of the Industrial Alcoholics. Indian Journal of Criminology, 12, 1-7. Tulkin, S. R., Buchman, N. A. & Frank, G. W. (1989). Interdisciplinary Treatment of Chemical Dependency: A Model Outpatient Program. International Psychologist, 29,39-48. Varghese, A. (1988).Family Participation in Mental Health Care- The Vellore Experiment. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 30,117-121. Varghese, A. (1979). Perspectives and Prerogatives for Mental Health in India. Religion and Society, 26,3-13
The idea of coming together of psychology associations in India
It is unfortunate that the psychologists in India numbering more than 120 thousands are unable to come together for strengthening the profession in India. Keeping the profession's benefit aside, psychologists seem to forget their ethical responsibility to the society. Probably many universities in India do not teach the ethical principles of a psychologist. After I took over as secretary of the Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists in May 2008, took initiative in communicating with the office bearers of the other associations and also initiated a network to communicate among the present and past office bearers of different psychology association in India. IFPA ( Indian Federation of Psychology Associations) Group Description ( https://in.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IFPA-India/info)
Indian Federation of Psychology Associations:- Consists of representatives of National Level Psychology Associations and State Level Psychology Associations in India. To formulate policies for the psychologists in India. To regulate the licensing of professional psychologists in India. To stipulate the psychological testing and updating the professional competency of psychologists in India. Also to develop policy statements regarding the sale and distribution of psychology test materials in India. To work towards the formation of a National Psychological Council of India. L.S.S.Manickam Professor of Clinical Psychology And Life Member of Several Psychology Associations in India
Jan 27, 2009
August 19, 2008 Dear Dr. Jai Mangal Deo This is in response to one of your postings in the IP group. This is an edited communication that I sent to Dr. Venkatesh Kumar on August 5, 2008. I wish to hear your thoughts about this idea. Since I am an office bearer of two of the organisations and life member of IAAP, please do not consider it as an official communication. I am yet to hear from Dr. Venkatesh Kumar
This is private communication
Dear Dr.Venkatesh Kumar
I have been wanting to communicate to you regarding two things.
1. I will be happy if you could send me the list of office bearers of IAAP. I want to forward it to the IP group.
2. There was some discussion about forming a federation of psychology associations in India. But it had not moved much.
Since we have the key office bearers of the three important organizations of psychology in India based in Mysore,
Indian Association of Applied Psychology
National Academy of Psychology and
Indian Association of Clinical Psychology.
I thought that if we network and share ideas, especially in the light of the Executive Committee of IAAP at Mysore during this weekend we can carry it forward.
The other associations have already had many rounds of discussions on this topic. But we are yet to hear the response from IAAP.
If possible kindly go through the websites of European Federation of Psychology Associations and that of the German Federation of Psychology Associations.
'We maintain the identity of each individual organizations and come together for common purposes'
I will be happy if you could send me reply.
Manickam But this did not work out and had to wait till the three associations met at Bengaluru in 2012.
Purnima Singh Secretary of NAOP wrote in 2016. "As we all know the first Department of Psychology,Calcutta University established in 1915 is celebrating Centenary during 2015-16 and in a way for all psychology professionals,this is a celebration of hundred years of psychology in India. This is a special occasion for all psychology organizations, academic and practicing psychologists located in institutions or self employed to pledge and commit individually and collectively to work for quality teaching, research, training and practice and also to resolve professional issues . Efforts have been made earlier. This year the Centenary Conference on Psychology at Kolkata in October provided a platform to the three major associations( IAAP, IACP and NAOP ) of psychology in the country to come together and work collectively. It got translated into concrete action plan.This was followed by a symposium on “Psychology Profession in India: Issues and Collective Actions by Psychology Organizations “ at the Annual Convention of the National Academy of Psychology ( NAOP, India) at Allahabad in February ,2016. The symposium was largely attended and presentations were made by Prof. U.K.Sinha (IACP), Prof. Jayanti Basu and Prof. NovRattan Sharma( IAAP) and Prof. Janak Pandey and Prof. Damodar Suar (NAOP). The symposium was planned to deliberate on concerns and issues with the aim of fostering the growth of the discipline of psychology as a science as well as a profession in the country. Specific pathways for collaborative engagement for the collective and integrated growth of the discipline through a Federation were discussed by speakers from all the three associations. At the end of the symposium it was resolved to establish the federation of psychology associations in India to facilitate collective action to advance quality of education, research, and practice of psychology. It was decided that a coordination committee consisting of two members each from the three associations should be formed to work out the mission and objectives of the federation and begin working on common issues. Let us now take necessary steps to move forward. best wishes, Purnima" Dated June 16, 2016 Ground work done to move on....A consolidated document was prepared 8 years later in 2016, after presenting it in the common forums of different psychology associations. The idea of federation was agreed in principle, "... ... it was resolved to establish the federation of psychology associations in India to facilitate collective action to advance quality of education, research, and practice of psychology. It was decided that a coordination committee consisting of two members each from the three associations should be formed to work out the mission and objectives of the federation and begin working on common issues" ( Singh, 2016). Let us hope to take this forward with accelerated momentum to make it a reality. References: Manickam, L.S.S. (2016). Towards Formation of Indian
Federation of Psychology Associations: Let us Wake Up for Our Causes.Journal
of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 42,1, 40-52. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/287999560_Towards_Formation_of_Indian_Federation_of_Psychology_Associations_Let_us_Wake_Up_for_Our_Causes
Singh, (2016). Federation of Indian Psychological Association. Email communication with the author.
It was in July- August 1981 that I visited (West) Germany
for the first time as a participant of Indo- German CE retreat. I was in the first
year of training as clinical psychologist at the National Institute of Mental
Health And Nuero Sciences ( NIMHANS) when I got the invitation. We were 20 young people from different walks of life and from different states of India and
stayed at Kassel for about 10 days.After
that, we parted our ways to live with German families to learn about the German way of
life. I was fortunate to live in the country side of Diedorf, visiting
different places of attraction in
and around and attending the local retreat groups who were preparing for an
international convention. I had great time learning about the style of living
in the then West Germany and the host family gave
me diverse exposure to German life. They planned different trips for me and took me with them to travel beyond Hamburg upto Lenshan in the North. But for the
travel restrictions existed at that time for those with Indian passport, they
would have taken me to Denmark too, to give an exposure of yet another country.
During the 35 days that I lived in Germany,I
learned a lot. How the ‘West Germany' which was devastated following the World War
II could become a developed country within a short span of time by the hard
work and the support from the international community was one of them. I realized
how important it is for all people to be conscious in keeping the public places
clean. Once while traveling in the high
way, I was about to throw an apple node onto the road but the host family members 'cared' to keep that in the car till we reached the nearest ‘austanoff’.Less population aiding the people of the
nation to share more wealth was a lesson that the developing nations need to
follow and requires keeping a strict vigil on the growth of the population.
Though I had enriching and diverse
experience being in (West) Germany, I felt bad that I could not see the “Wall” .
The host family informed that it was in their plan to take me to the border
between the West and the East. At length they spoke about the people on the
other side, the East Germany. I am still at dark about the issues involved, but
was informed that I could not go to see the ‘Wall’. Not sure whether that it
was unsafe for me to be there or whether the host family could be put into
trouble if I am taken there. But what resounded in me was what the head of the
host family manage to state in English, “Sam, the people... on this side... and on the other side... ( pointing towards East) have the
same blood. One day we will become one !” I did not believe him then. How is it
possible? Back home in India, I saw another country being carved out in
the Eastern region of our country. We have the people with the 'same blood and
religion' on both sides of the borders on the East and West, and we were raising
‘fences’ along the borders.
He was not very fluent in English nor his
wife, who would explain to me simple things in English translating them from
German using a pocket dictionary which she was carrying all the time since I
joined the family. Their children and his mother were a happy family. The joint
family was again a surprise for me, since I did not imagine that there could be
extended families in Germany. In 1989, within 8 years, the belief and hope of my hosts that those on both sides are 'one' became a reality. In 1995 when I visited Frankfurt, I wanted to visit the family again to share the joy that his prophetic words have come true. But I was informed
not to venture into that geographical area. Still
a mystery, why I cannot go near the border again. I told this to a
couple of German friends who attended an International Gestalt therapy
conference which I attended in France in 1995. And they asked,“You
said that you were at Diedorf in 1981? Are you joking? They too did not illuminate me on why they could not believe that I lived in Diedorf in 1981.
When I visited again in 2008, I
travelled to Berlin by train from Frankfurt and I could not find the wall.
Where is the wall? I searched hard to find the reminiscence of the wall and the
difference. But for the graffiti,I could not differentiate that I had crossed
over to the other side of the wall. Much water has flown and it appeared that
the differences that existed on either side of the wall melted out. (Wrote in 2008 )
Twenty eight years after breaking the wall political leadership is thinking of constructing walls in a 'great country'. Probably if I happen to visit Mexico, I may not be able to go near the wall that borders America. (Added on 26 January, 2017)
My response to the issue of RCI- Wrote on Tue Apr 22, 2003 11:16 pm
I amalso equally or more unhappy about the implementation of the RCI regulations on training and functioning of clinical psychologists working in settings other than rehabilitation.
But my feeling is that, we ourselves have to own the responsibility because we asked for it. It was not thrust upon us by the RCI but we requested for it and they ‘obeyed’.
But then they extended it to other areas of clinical psychology. If one analyses the period it was brought out and the people who were involved in dialogue with the RCI and to read between the lines, personal unpleasantness between the concerned people may have led to this situation rather than lack of understanding of the scope of the profession of clinical psychology.
Since the RCI rules have been enacted and until we show our strength through different tactics including lobbying the parliamentarians, we may have to maintain the status quo since we asked for it.For those of you who have not had the chance to read the past communication from the office of IACP, here are some excerpts (The office bearers are good personal friends of mine and ‘no conscious or explicit’ implication to the region to which they belong)
Sub: Registration of Clinical Psychologists in the Council
This is to acknowledge with thanks the receipt of your letter No. 3-2/92-RC/350 dated 23-10-92.
We really feel happy to learn that the Rehabilitation Council of India has been invested with the statutory powers under the recently enacted Rehabilitation Council of India Act-1992 to regulate the training programme of the rehabilitation professionals as well as make their formal registration in the Rehabilitation Registrar of India. It is further heartening to note that the Act provides due recognition to the discipline of Clinical Psychology in this respect. Our Association has been making all – out effort in this direction for quite a long time and we hope that the Rehabilitation Council of India Act should greatly help in safeguarding the interests of the professionals dealing with the disabled and sick. Regardless of certain lacuna in the Act which may require some modification in due course, it gives considerable satisfaction that the Government has come forward with some statutory powers somewhat similar to the Medical Council of India to strengthen the functioning and identity of the paramedical professionals.
In this context we would like to bring to your kind attention that the Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists is the sole national body of clinical psychologists and presently there are more than 200 life members, almost half of them designated as fellows on the basis of their affiliation to the association and academic achievements. Annual subscribers are known as professional members in the association.
As desired by you, an undated list of the members of the association duly authenticated by the Hon. General Secretary, IACP is enclosed herewith along with a copy of the IACP constitution.
As regards the eligibility criteria of clinical psychologist to become a member (professional, life or fellow) of the association he/she should have any one of the essential qualifications given under:
Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Psychology or Diploma in Medical Social Psychology / M.Phil. Medical Social Psychology / Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology or equivalent Indian or foreign diploma / degree.
Ph.D. in Psychology and at least 4 years experience of whole – time research, teaching or practice of clinical psychology in a recognised institution.
Master degree in Psychology with at least 7 years’ experience of whole – time research, teaching or practice of clinical psychology in a recognised institution
A vast majority of the members of the association posses the academic qualification as given in section (a).
I would also like to submit that the training programme in clinical psychology in our country is imparted by the following institution.
1. National Institute of Mental Health 1.M.Phil.* Medical Social Psychology (2 Years’ courses)Neurosciences, Bangalore
2. Central Institute of Psychiatry 2. Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, Kanke, Ranchi (Both the courses as above)
3. P.G.I. Chandigarh 1. Ph.D. in clinical psychology
4. B.H.U, Varanasi 1. Ph.D. in clinical psychology
Surprisingly enough, there is no mention of any of these training institutes in the Schedule of the Rehabilitation Council of India Act- 1992. It is therefore requested that these institutes should be included in the schedule at the earliest possible as per the provisions of the sub-section (2) of section 11 of the Act. And we hope that the accidental omission of the names of these training institutes should in no way cause any delay in the registration of those who possess any of the above-mentioned qualifications.
Further, if it is not inconvenient to you I would take the opportunity of meeting you personally to further clarify some of the issues relating to the discipline of clinical psychology during my visit to Delhi on 13thNov. 1992.
Lastly, on behalf of the association I wish to express our sincere thanks for providing valuable support to the professionals engaged in the care of disabled and sick.
With kind regards
President – elect, IAPC
Copy to all the members of Indian Associations of Clinical Psychologists as per the resolution of the executive council meeting held on November 1 1992.
All the Members of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists
Sub: Registration of qualified clinical psychologists by the Rehabilitation Council of India, Ministry of Welfare, Govt. of India.
In continuation of my letter dated 6th November 1992 with regard to the recently enacted Rehabilitation Council of India Act 1992 which is invested with the statutory powers of registration of rehabilitation professionals, it gives me great pleasure to bring to your kind attention that the said Act has been enforced w.e.f. 31st July 1993 as informed by the Secretary, Rehabilitation Council of India vide his letter no. 7-8/93-RCI/2048 dated 6-9-93.
Regardless of the fact that there is only a very limited purpose of registration to the practitioners of clinical psychology under the Rehabilitation Council the available opportunity should of course be utilised.That is what appears to be the consensus of the members who have responded to my circulardated 19-4-93. Undoubtedly, the struggle to achieve the objective of the formation of our own registration council has to continue relentlessly with a greater sense of involvement and commitment of each one of us.
In view of the above it is suggested that the members possessing the requisite qualifications in clinical psychology should submit their application on the prescribed form obtainable from the Secretary, Rehabilitation Council of India, 4 Vishnu Digamber Marg, New Delhi 110 002 for purposes of getting themselves registered under the purview of the Council.
With regards and best wishes.
President – elect, IACP.
Minutes of the Annual General Body Meeting held on 20th February 2001 at 4.30 P.M. at Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS), DELHI. ( Selected Relevant Portion)
The following portion was given as the minutes at the general body meeting held at Chennai in 2002. But this was however deleted by the General Body before passing the minutes. Since I did not attend this meeting and has relevance to the issue of discussion, I have included this report. However this part should not be treated as part of the minutes of the meeting.
8. (The issue of RCI was discussed in detail. Many members actively participated and expressed their views. The President Dr. Mishra elaborated the events occurred regarding RCI and also explained his discussions with RCI authorities, and the responses are awaited. Dr. R.K. Gupta wanted more detail discussion about RCI. Dr. Krishnananda felt a strong need to have a separate council, otherwise the status of the clinical psychologists will go down. He was very optimistic about the separate council even if it takes time. Dr. G.G. Prabhu explained the administrative problems both scientific and technical. He felt that all of us joined together (sic) in certain situations either to over react are totally deny the situation. This attitude should not continue. He also felt that it is better to understand what are the powers and see what clauses are clamping the profession and expressed that RCI cannot function as I.T. Department. He felt that the meeting organised by T.B. Singh was a trap. He suggested that confrontation is not going to be useful but a dialogue with Chairman is going to better.
Dr. T.B. Singh conducted a meeting for RCI and explained the circumstances in which he had to do it. Some of the members expressed that this was against the interest of the larger members of the association. Dr. K. B. Kumar explained about the visit by the RCI to his department. He felt that no confrontation is going to be useful and suggested that it would be better to discuss with RCI Chairman before taking any strong decision. It was felt that 6 months time given to the RCI to respond is very short. Dr. V. Kumaraiah reported that he did not recommend for payment to the RCI for inspection of his department, but RCI could come on general visit. Dr. Kiran Kumar wanted the details of resolutions of the meeting held at the IBHAS by RCI. Dr. T.B. Singh gave the details.
Dr. Nathawat wanted details regarding the interpretation of the RCI act and suggested action plan to create awareness among members to curb the misuse of certain provisions. Dr. Kiran Rao expressed happiness for the steps taken at Imphal to restrain RCI in interfering with smooth functioning of clinical psychologists. She felt that rehabilitation was only a part of clinical psychology. So it was not justified to disturb the entire field of clinical psychology. She suggested Dr. Prabhu’s name to be co-ordinator to solve the problem. But Dr. Prabhu expressed his inability to the Co-ordinator. Dr. Manorajan Sahay questioned that why RCI did not go to Orthopaedics and social workers. He wanted that the public should be informed about clinical psychology profession. Dr. Sakunthala Dube felt that there should not be any confrontation with RCI. She expressed that the present set up and atmosphere in RCI was congenial for negotiations.
Some of the members expressed that we should follow physiotherapists in coming out of RCI control by taking legal help. RCI can have control over the people directly working in rehabilitation. Dr. Shanti Mathur and Dr. A.C. Verma even suggested to change the name of association to over come the problem).
However this portion of the minutes was passed by the General Body
The final consensus of the opinion was that (a) No confrontation with the RCI for the time being (b) To meet the authorities and negotiate for a favourable outcome in a systematic way.
RCI-No other way out till we have a new council! "I will not let go the clinical psychologist's. I have brought under RCI not only clinical psychologists, but also psychologists and psychiatrists (leaving aside other professionals and "para" professionals) working in the area of rehabilitation. Now you have approached to take out the clinical psychologists. And you did not want other psychologists in rehabilitation to be protected by you. So, if you are representing the entire psychologists of the country, (which is more than 10,000,) I may rethink. If you say that "We clinical psychologists are more privileged and we should be kept out, and you keep the psychologists". I may as well regulate all of you, since there is no other council is regulating you.
But then again it is difficult since the psychiatrists of this country are also facing a similar issue with RCI. But I have to find out whether the course of psychiatry is also brought under RCI, as we have done with your MPhil course".
To start a professional course, at present there are different regulatory bodies for different professions. For example, a course Engineering has to be recommended by the University, and get the approval of All India Council of Technical Education. The same pattern is followed in other disciplines- Medicine-Medical Council of India, Nursing-Nursing Council of India, Teaching- National Council of Teacher Education, which regulates the B. Ed programme (excepting those on special education which is regulated by RCI)
Though you had professional organisations and institutes that acclaim high status and were aware of the need for more clinical psychologists in this country, what have you done so far? In that respect RCI should be credited for facilitating to start clinical psychology programmes in different parts of the country. Within a span of three years, three more centres came up. Probably the number would increase within a couple of year's time, since there is a great demand for the courses. Would you clinical psychologists consider this as a negative aspect of RCI? Do you think that 12+12 clinical psychologists (of which only the service of 12 are effectively available within the country) per year is enough for taking care of the mental health needs of the country?. In the area of "rehabilitation" alone we require the services of more clinical psychologists for implementing the programs as we at RCI visualize.
So what is wrong in we regulating you, since your work is closely linked to us? You cannot escape from this at the moment. So as per the rules, if you like it or not, you have no other option. If you want to be a clinical psychologist, you have to get trained in one of the institutions accredited by us-till you bring your own alternative arrangement through an act of parliament.
Now the choice is yours. After passing out you may register yourself with us or not. If the psychiatrists also loose their case, you cannot get out from here. Even if you have an independent council, for those working in the area of rehabilitation, you need to be regulated by us - like the doctors who have a separate council, but those psychiatrists who practice in our area, need to get our accreditation too. But if you are influential enough to make enough lobbying you may be able to take out the course and give it to a "new council", if there is one. If you feel that you need legal protection, you may register with us. If you do not want you need not" Wrote on Mar 15, 2004 11:05 am